Author Topic: Puspa Kamal Dahal - Prachanda (प्रचण्ड)  (Read 8421 times)

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tundikhel

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Puspa Kamal Dahal - Prachanda (प्रचण्ड)
« on: February 28, 2015, 11:01:27 PM »
33rd Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
18 August 2008 – 25 May 2009

Prachanda spent much of his childhood and youth in Chitwan District. He received a diploma of science in agriculture (ISc-Ag) from Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS) in Rampur, Chitwan, and was once employed at a rural development project sponsored by USAID: the project site was Jajarkot.

Prachanda's brother, Dr. Ganga Ram Dahal, graduated from the University of Reading, UK and is currently a Research Scientist at 'Rights to Resources International' based in Bangkok. Witnessing severe poverty among Nepalis since his youth, Prachanda was drawn to leftist political parties. He joined the underground Communist Party of Nepal (Fourth Convention) in 1981. He became general secretary (party leader) of the Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal) in 1989. After several iterations, this party became the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Prachanda lived in secret, even after the restoration of democracy in 1990. A little-known figure until then, he controlled the clandestine wing of the party, while Baburam Bhattarai represented the United People's Front in parliament.

A biography written by Anirban Roy, the ex-Nepal correspondent of the Hindustan Times, covers Prachanda's 25 years living underground and has been translated into Nepali as Prachanda: Ek Agyat Bidhrohi. Anirban Roy's book is also getting translated into Hindi and Assamese. Since 1996 Prachanda has been internationally known as the leader of the CPN (M), presiding over its military and political wings.



Prachanda led the CPN (M) as it launched a communist insurgency on 13 February 1996. In the ensuing civil war, more than 17,000 Nepalese died. Ultimately elections were held in 2008 and the CPN (M) emerged as the strongest party. The Constituent Assembly of Nepal elected Prachanda as Prime Minister in August 2008.

Prachanda resigned as Prime Minister on 4 May 2009 after his attempt to sack the army chief, General Rookmangud Katawal, was opposed by President Ram Baran Yadav.


**** Prachand's conflicting statements ***

१:- "दुई तिहाई होइन सामान्य बहुमत बाट संविधान जारी गर्नुपर्छ।" (प्रचण्ड)२०६८
२:-"अघिल्लो पटक सहमतिको नाममा ठूलो भुल गर्यौं,अब त्यो गल्ती दोहोर्याउदैनौं।" प्रचण्ड(चुनाव प्रचार)
३:-"अब हाम्रो दुइतिहाई आउँछ म राष्ट्रपती निश्चित।" (प्रचण्ड)२०७०
४:-"जनताले हामिलाई सबैभन्दा सानो पार्टी बनाए पनि सहर्ष स्विकार्छौं।सहमतिको नाममा देशलाई अनिर्णयको बन्दी हुन दिदैनौं।"प्रचण्ड (२०७० मंसिर १ गते बिबिसी संबादाता रबिन्द्र मिश्र संगको अन्तर्वार्ता मा।)
५:-"नेपालको इतिहासकै सबैभन्दा शान्तिपूर्ण र निष्पक्ष निर्वाचन सम्पन्न भएकोमा सबैलाई बधाई।" प्रचण्ड (२०७० मंसिर ५ गते)
६:-"यो इतिहासकै धाँदलिपुर्ण चुनाव हो,हामी माथी ठूलो षड्यन्त्र भयो बहिष्कार गर्छौं।"प्रचण्ड(२०७० मंसिर ६ गते)
७:-"एकल जातिय पहिचानमा आधारित १४ प्रदेश,राष्ट्रपतिय प्रणाली,पुर्ण समानुपातिक निर्वाचन प्रणालि सबै हामिले भनेकै हुनुपर्छ।" प्रचण्ड (२०७१ श्रावण भाद्र तिर)
८:-"फेरि एकपटक बंकरमा सुत्न मन लाग्यो।"प्रचण्ड(२०७१,रोल्पा जाने क्रममा)
९:-"हामि कुनैपनी हालतमा युद्वमा जाँदैनौं,सदन र सडकमै संघर्ष गर्छौं।"प्रचण्ड(रोल्पाबाट फर्किएपछी)
१०:-"आन्दोलनको क्रममा कसैमाथी हातपात गर्ने हाम्रो नीति होइन यस्ता कार्य गर्ने सरकारले खटाएका भिजिलान्ते हुन।"प्रचण्ड(मंसिर २०७१)
११:-मन्त्री,पुलिस को टाउको फुटाउने,गाडिमा आगजनी इ इत्यादि सबै शान्तिपुर्ण आन्दोलन भित्रै पर्छन।"प्रचण्ड(२३माघ२०७१ बिहान)
१२:-"टाउको बाट रगत निकाल्न मन लाग्यो।"प्रचण्ड (२३ माघ२०७१ दिउँसो)
१३:-"हामिले जातिय पहिचान भनेकै छैनौं,काँग्रेस एमाले बहुपहिचान मान्छन भने सहमती हुन्छ।"प्रचण्ड (२३ मंसिर २०७१ साँझ)
१४:-हामिले त संघियता चाहेकै होइन काँग्रेस एमालेकै कारण हो"।(प्रचण्डले भन्न बाँकी)
१५:-"हामिले त संबैधानिक राजतन्त्र नै रहने भनेर राजा बिरेन्द्र संग मोटामोटी सहमती गरिसकेका थियौं।यो गणतन्त्र त काँग्रेस एमाले बाट जबर्जस्त लादिएको हो।"(प्रचण्डले भन्न बाँकी)
१६:-"संघियताको नाममा जातिय राज्य बनाउने छुट कसैलाई छैन,जातियताको कुरा गर्नेहरु बिखण्डनकारी हुन।"प्रचण्डले भन्न बाँकी)



tundikhel

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Re: Puspa Kamal Dahal - Prachanda (प्रचण्ड)
« Reply #1 on: February 28, 2015, 11:05:26 PM »
On 4 February 1996, Bhattarai gave the government, led by Nepali Congress Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, a list of 40 demands, threatening civil war if they were not met. The demands related to "nationalism, democracy and livelihood" and included such line items as the "domination of foreign capital in Nepali industries, business and finance should be stopped", and "discriminatory treaties, including the 1950 Nepal-India Treaty, should be abrogated" (referring here to the 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship), and "land under the control of the feudal system should be confiscated and distributed to the landless and the homeless."

After that, and until 26 April 2006, Prachanda directed the military efforts of the CPN(M) towards establishing areas of control, particularly in the mountainous regions and in western Nepal.

The 40 demands were whittled down to 24 in subsequent political negotiations.



***


In the first week of May 2006, Maoist chairman Prachanda along with another senior leader Dr. Baburam Bhattarai entered Nepal through Birgunj, after presiding over a Maoist meet in Punjab, India. After this, they attended various programs organised by the party in different places. Prachanda refused to make a public appearance before there was a political settlement with the seven-party alliance. The Maoists were rigid in their demands that the monarchy was to be abolished, rather than just stripped of its powers. The Maoists looked at every activity of the new government with suspicion. Earlier, they had released a press statement that the king's plan for reinstating the parliament was a betrayal of the people.

Maoist leader, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, claimed that there was a secret agreement between the seven party alliance and the king, on 24 April, in which they would ensure the king would retain monarchy in some form in the future. On 6 June 2006, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala went to India for a four-day visit seeking support from India for Nepal's recent political changes. The Maoist chairman insisted they not ask for any economic assistance, without resolving the political disputes within the country, and demanded that the Maoist prisoners be released soon, who were languishing in Indian jails.

After the return of Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala to Nepal, he insisted on having high level talks with Prachanda and Baburam directly. But chairman Prachanda and the other senior leader refused Koirala's request. They showed no willingness to go to Kathmandu. Home Minister Krishna Sitaula said,

    "After repeated persuasion, Prachanda and Baburam Bhattarai finally agreed. But before their public appearance, there was a lot more to do. So I flew in a helicopter without my security guards to meet them."

On the morning of 14 June, Sitaula flew in a private helicopter to Siklis, a mountainous village in Kaski district. When Sitaula reached there, the CPN (Maoist) was planning a mass meeting in the village. After having four hours of talks with the senior leaders, Sitaula finalised arrangements for their arrival in Kathmandu. On 16 June, Sitaula flew to Pokhara to receive Prachanda and Bhattarai. Maoist chairman Prachanda, along with his wife and Dr. Baburam Bhattarai, were taken to the Prime Minister's residence. Maoist chairman Prachanda said, "That day, the first day I appeared in public in Kathmandu, I wore a light blue suit. I like light blue the most". It was a turning point in Prachanda's life after 25 years of life in hiding and 10 years of war.

There was an eight-point understanding between the government and the Maoist rebels. After talks with the Prime Minister, Prachanda speaking to the media said that the peace talks were progressing despite the setbacks of the past. The public appearance of the rebel leader created a sensation in Nepal. The Maoist chief claimed that the understanding would give a new political direction to Nepal. Stating that the deal was "an historical one", Prachanda said that Nepal would soon be transformed into a republic after the Constituent Assembly elections. He was the first prime minister of Nepal after the monarchy was abolished.




Prachanda met for talks with Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala on 16 June 2006, which was thought to be his first visit to the capital Kathmandu in more than a decade.

This meeting resulted in the Comprehensive Peace Accord to dissolve parliament, incorporate the CPN(M) into a new interim government, draft a new constitution, and disband the CPN(M)'s "people's governments" operating in rural Nepal. The two sides also agreed to disarm at a later date, under international supervision. On 18 September 2007, the CPN(M) left the coalition government ahead of the Constituent Assembly election, demanding the declaration of a republic by parliament, and a system of proportional representation in the election. The CPN(M) rejoined the government on 30 December 2007 after an agreement to abolish the monarchy following the election, and to have a system of partial proportional representation in the election.

During the 3 February 2011 election for a Prime Minister, Prachanda had filed candidacy on behalf of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal(Maoist), but later withdrew his candidacy and supported CPN-UML Prime Ministerial candidate, Jhalanath Khanal. With his support, Mr. Khanal was elected as the new prime minister, replacing Madhav Kumar's caretaker government of more than six months.


tundikhel

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Re: Puspa Kamal Dahal - Prachanda (प्रचण्ड)
« Reply #2 on: March 06, 2015, 11:09:37 PM »
Prachanda's speech in Khulla Manch


tundikhel

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Prakash Dahal - Prachanda's son
« Reply #3 on: July 28, 2015, 02:28:15 AM »
Prakash
http://xnepali.net/np/1750


Audio report

anand

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Re: Puspa Kamal Dahal - Prachanda (प्रचण्ड)
« Reply #4 on: December 17, 2017, 09:08:04 AM »