Author Topic: Etymology of word "Nepal"  (Read 6468 times)

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tundikhel

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Etymology of word "Nepal"
« on: August 22, 2009, 05:17:11 AM »
The word 'Nepal' has significantly been used as the name of our country. There are various opinions about it :

1. Long, long ago, the kings of the Gopala dynasty ruled over it. They were called 'Nepa', so, after the name of the dynasty who ruled over it, the country was named as 'Nepal'.

2. A sage called 'Ne' lived in penance on the confluence of the Bagmati and Bishnumati rivers. He was the sole advisor of the king. So, the word 'Nepal' was derived from the name of the sage 'Ne'.

3. 'Nepal' might also be derived from 'Newar', one of the ancient tribes living in Kathmandu valley.

4. In the Gandaki Mahatmya, it is mentioned that a king called 'Nepa' ruled over it. He conquered many kingdoms and established Shanker as his deity. He founded a country and called it 'Nepal', after his own name.

5. In the Tibetan language 'Ne' means 'home' and 'pal' means 'wool'. Sheep were reared in Kathmandu valley and much wool was produced. So, it was called the home of wool, i.e., Ne Pal.

6. In the Newari language 'Ne' means 'centre' and 'pa' means 'country'. So, 'Ne pa' means a country situated at the centre. Nepal is situated in between the two great countries, China and India. So, it was called a central country, i.e., Nepal.

7. In the Limbu dialect 'Ne' means 'plain area'. Kathmandu valley is a plain, so it was called 'Nepal'.

8. In the dialect of the Lepchas, 'Ne' means 'holy' and 'pal' means 'cave'. As it is a holy place - the centre of pilgrimage of Hindus and Buddhists, it was called a holy cave or Nepal.

9. In the language of the Tibeto-Burma people, 'Ne' means 'cattle' and 'pa' means 'people'. Kathmandu valley had a good grassland for cattle and the main occupation of the people was to rear animals. So, it was called the land of the people who reared animals, i.e., Nepal.

10. Thomas Young and Geroge Griharson, the two famous historians gave thier opinion that both the terms 'Nepal' and 'Newar' might be derived from the same root 'Nyarva'. In this way, Nyarva was turned into Newar and then to Nepal.

11. Kiratas, the earliest known inhabitants of this country, had a clan called 'Nepar' living in Kathmandu valley. So, Nepal might also be derived from Nepar.

tundikhel

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Re: Etymology of word "Nepal"
« Reply #1 on: August 22, 2009, 05:17:37 AM »
According to Hindu belief , the history of the development of Nepalese civilization and culture can be traced back to the Age of truth. King Manu, who is said to be the first King of the world ruled Nepal in the Age of Truth (Satya Yuga) and Nepal was known as the Land of Truth (Satyawati). It was called the land of solitary meditation and penance (Tapovan) in the Silver Age (Treta Yuga). Similarly, Nepal was known as the ladder of slavation (Muktisopan) in the Copper Age (Dwapar Yuga); and it is known as 'Nepal' in the Iron Age, i.e., the present age of science and technology (Kali Yuga). The kings of the Solar dynasty ruled Nepal in the Age of Truth. They contributed much to the development of the Nepalese civilization and culture. The fact that we still follow the Solar Calendar in celebrating festivals and ceremonies testifies to the rule of the Solar Dynasty kings in our country.

The country, full of great forests, was the chosen place for sages like Kanwa, Biswamitra, Agastya, Valmiki, Yajnavalkya and others. King Dushyanta of India married Shakuntala, the adopted daughter of Kanwa Rishi of Nepal. Their son Bharat ruled over here. Then Nepal was called Mahabharat, and the surrounding territories under the souverainty of King Bharat was called Bharat (now the other name of India).

The Mahabharat range stands to corroborate this belief of King Bharat's supremacy. There are several references in the religious books of Hindus about Nepal. Janak, the king of Janakpur was known widely for the administration of justice. Some people believe that the Ramayan was composed at the bank of the Saptagandaki. Veda Vyasa was born here. The Vyas Cave at Damauli (Vyasangar) signifies this belief. Similarly, Biratnagar, the kingdom of King Birat is also mentioned in the Mahabharata. All these references show that Nepal had developed long before Manjushri visited the Kathmandu Valley. It is mentioned in Swayambhu Puran that Manjushri came from China and managed to drain away the water of a big lake called Nagadaha and peopled the valley. He established a town called Manjupattan and installed Dharmakar, its king.

After that, the history of Nepal was more or less limited to the history of the Kathmandu Valley. Since then, Nepal has been ruled by the kings of various dynasties - the Ahirs or Gopala, the Kiratas, the Lichchhavis, the Mallas and the Shahs.

kanchabooze

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Re: Etymology of word "Nepal"
« Reply #2 on: October 08, 2009, 12:05:31 AM »
apart from the history i have heard and even seen that the nepal was a spiritual recluse and so a lot of communities settled here by the way of migration.
Also that the present day bahun chetri ppl are of the same race or say flock of that of greater persia...and more so the flock that has come to nepal is from turkmenstan then uzbek(proff lies in samarkhand which the muslims write as samarquand) hudai kashmir then various indian places and nepal. ive seen pics of kashmiris(who researchers say is the tenth lost tribe of jews during moses spiritual bhanne ki search for soverinty expedition), ive met afghans n iranians....we're kind of from the same flock can be hypothesized from the looks.in fact the traditional dance of the neps even match that to iranian,the one where u twist yer hands gently n also the attire.
ive also heard that all of the so called gods or masters who have helped spiritual awakening have been invariably from this same flock.
n also that the ahirs(which u just mentioned tundikhel brother) were actually jews(issraieli) who later mixed with indian tribes to become yadavas.even now the west uttar pradesh n haryana has fair colored yadavs or jadavas.
Ive also heard that the newars were from madhya pradesh area because of the closeness in architeture and were influenced by karnataka kings( who were of the ruling flock the same as persians,,, not from the flock of the people) and ive seen and compared thier architeture to nepalese.but the long face statue resembles aztecs n incas too so citations are needed.those whove seen the world can add and let us know more.forget the history part lets analyse from gross spectacle.
well ill add that ive seen the names of the tribes in assam area of present india n they r surprisingly similar to eastern nepalese(for example moran jati in assam n the county of morang where birat-nagar is situated).
Also that the face of meghalayans resemble that of neps n they to call thier language khasi.but only some words match like ka ri india ka ri state bank-which means the state bank of india.(the bhojpuri 'ka' is based on 'kya' or 'ke' but this 'ka' is based on 'the'.
Also ive asked kashmiris if they knew what kashmir meant? but the answer lies in khas language- mir is sanskrit meaning heaven or ocean and khas is the tribe of neps of western nepal(which i believe to be a lil poor compared to eastern...must be the rugged terrains!?) so kashmir= ocean of khas people!!!
i fact the guys from himanchal (which is nepalse meaning him=ice anchal= province) not indian him=ice anchal=covered in mothers lap) bcoz if that were so then himanchal is not in him's anchal anyway!!!!
there r names of people in as far as cambodia(ive met n seen so i can hypothesize) which start with om.and the names of some neps are like khem bahadur n all which share the same name as some cambodians(the name khem is common there).this must be the spiritual recluse reason as gautama siddhartha was nep flock otherwise i cannot generally see a mixing.
well to add some more ive read in a resourcefull book that the mahabharat mentions arjun's wife to be from present day mexico.so migrations have happened n so the mixing.but thats out of the topic.
I have also heard that during the wave of muslim (mostly arab who according to what ive read changed the whole perspective of islam to use it to conquer the previous beautiful persian empire which was actually based on the same principles as todays india-'the all inclusive' culture) and during those attacks the peolle continually migrated from turkmenstan towards south following the himalays n later when the muslim(arab) even reached india, then that the top class brahmin ( they r divided into 3 classes from what ive heard) n the top class migrated to nepal. thats y the bahuns of nepal r little more beautiful(which again is thru dicovery channel's video 'what actually makes u beautiful'). so when the mus came here they dint need for us to be converted but rather mixed into us and went back.they raped countless here too but since, according to their records, we were of the same flock there wasnt much to do.Even the persians(present iran n iraq) dont like arab that much n they still speak a different language.thats y iraq(non arab) attacked kuwait(arab) n saudis whom we used to call suud (the turks still call them with same accent oh n also that the title is still present in india but they donn know much because they dont research into where ppl come from,which is actually very honourable and non racist.)
Another interesting thing to be noted (ive heard so) is that Ram was a persian god king just like xerxes who was portrayed very evil in the movie 300 but thats wha westerners do.they dont let us know that still today its considered offesnive that a protestant marries an orthodox n so many other vices that they carry like slaugtering the entire population of south america n killing so many in africa and even managing to click a picture holding an african's man severed head!!!oh yes folks the country that we try to migrate to has had its period of hatred.well theres much to it but thats out of the topic.and so i was telling that ram was celebrated because he demolished slavery in india (or the then persia which was then very large -from turkey to india) and that ayodhya was actually kandahar in afghan but not in india, but who cares?
if gopals were ahirs then krishna was a jew n thats y the religion of jews is almost the same as vaishnavites.its based on happiness n not on penance, a dancing religion as some spiritual text carries.
Its also been said that the orrisans who migrated north to form the present day bihar actually also migrated to tibet and later on mixed with mongols.a few might have migrated say 1000 to 5000( which was a great number those days) n mixed with a few that were there who were the mongolian flock n so the tibetian people.
So basically we share a common heritage all of us n we r part of a great spiritual empire of bharatvarsha.But keeping in mind the political boundaries, i shall only assert the spiritual empire n not a political empire.

uxwall

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Re: Etymology of word "Nepal"
« Reply #3 on: July 02, 2018, 08:16:39 AM »
thank you for the information

coolboy

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Re: Etymology of word "Nepal"
« Reply #4 on: July 02, 2018, 03:05:18 PM »
Lovely